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Title: Structural characterization, mechanical properties, and in vitro cytocompatibility evaluation of fibrous polycarbonate urethane membranes for biomedical applications
Authors: Arjun, GN
Ramesh, P
Keywords: Engineering; Materials Science
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: 100A ,11;3042-3050
Abstract: This paper reports the electrospinning of a series of oxidatively stable polycarbonate urethanes (PCU) [carbothane (ECT), bionate (EBN), and chronoflex (ECF)] using N,N-dimethyl formamide and tetrahydrofuran as the mixed solvent. The nonwoven membranes were characterized for their structure, performance, and compatibility with cells. Scanning electron microscope was utilized to study the structural morphology and fiber diameter. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) was used to characterize the 3D architecture, pore size distribution, and percentage porosity. All the membranes displayed a porous architecture with average fiber diameter in the range of 1.52 mu m. Static mechanical tests on the membranes revealed that the tensile strength was greater than 7 MPa and the dynamic mechanical tests showed that the average storage modulus (Ei) is 2 MPa at 37 degrees C. PCU membranes were subjected to accelerated in vitro degradation for 90 days in 20% hydrogen peroxide/0.1M cobalt chloride solution. Mechanical characterization of the membranes postdegradation confirmed a 64% reduction in tensile strength for EBN at the end of 90 days where as ECF and ECT did not show any significant mechanical property deterioration in the oxidative medium. Cytotoxicity of the membranes was evaluated using L929 fibroblast cells and the results indicated that all the PCU membranes were cytocompatible and showed good adherence to L929 cells. Accordingly, these results highlight the potential of these fibrous PCU membranes for biomedical applications but further in vivo correlation studies are required for better understanding of the biodegradation and biological efficacy. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 100A:30423050, 2012.
URI: 10.1002/jbm.a.34255
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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