Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/10707
Title: Metabolic Modulation by Medium-Chain Triglycerides Reduces Oxidative Stress and Ameliorates CD36-Mediated Cardiac Remodeling in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat in the Initial and Established Stages of Hypertrophy
Authors: Ismael, S
Lakshmi, S
Remani, K
Nair, RR
Keywords: : Medium-chain triglyceride, Left ventricular hypertrophy, Spontaneously hypertensive rat, CD36, Oxidative stress
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: J Cardiac failure
Citation: Ismael S, Lakshmi S, Remani K, Nair RR. Metabolic Modulation by Medium-Chain Triglycerides Reduces Oxidative Stress and Ameliorates CD36-Mediated Cardiac Remodeling in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat in the Initial and Established Stages of Hypertrophy. J Cardiac failure. 2017;23(3):240-251
Abstract: Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is characterized by a decrease in oxidation of longchain fatty acids, possibly mediated by reduced expression of the cell-surface protein cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36). Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were therefore supplemented with medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), a substrate that bypasses CD36, based on the assumption that the metabolic modulation will ameliorate ventricular remodeling. Methods: The diet of 2-month-old and 6-month-old SHRs was supplemented with 5% MCT (Tricaprylin), for 4 months. Metabolic modulation was assessed by mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator– activated receptor α and medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. Blood pressure was measured noninvasively. LVH was assessed with the use of hypertrophy index, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area, mRNA expression of B-type natriuretic peptide, cardiac fibrosis, and calcineurin-A levels. Oxidative stress indicators (cardiac malondialdehyde, protein carbonyl, and 3-nitrotyrosine levels), myocardial energy level (ATP, phosphocreatine), and lipid profile were determined. Results: Supplementation of MCT stimulated fatty acid oxidation in animals of both age groups, reduced hypertrophy and oxidative stress along with the maintenance of energy level. Blood pressure, body weight, and lipid profile were unaffected by the treatment. Conclusions: The results indicate that modulation of myocardial fatty acid metabolism by MCT prevents progressive cardiac remodeling in SHRs, possibly by maintenance of energy level and decrease in oxidative stress. (J Cardiac Fail 2017;23:240–251)
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2016.08.001
http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/10707
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