Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/10725
Title: Nutritional Status of Mid Day Meal Programme Beneficiaries: A Cross sectional Study among Primary Schoolchildren in Kottayam District, Kerala, India
Authors: Jayalakshmi, R
Jissa, VT
Keywords: Composite index of anthropometric failure, Mid‑Day Meal Programme, nutritional status, primary schoolchildren
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publisher: Indian J Public Health
Citation: Jayalakshmi R, Jissa V T. Nutritional Status of Mid Day Meal Programme Beneficiaries: A Cross sectional Study among Primary Schoolchildren in Kottayam District, Kerala, India. Indian J Public Health. 2017;61:86-91
Abstract: Background: The efficiency of Mid‑Day Meal (MDM) Programme in India to ensure the optimum nutritional status of its beneficiaries is rarely studied. Objective: This study assessed the nutritional status of 6–10‑year‑old schoolchildren who were the beneficiaries of MDM and the child‑related factors affecting their nutritional status. Methods: A cross‑sectional study was performed among 322 children from 12 randomly selected primary schools in one block panchayat of Kerala state. The background information was collected from children and their parents, and anthropometric measurements of the children were observed. The prevalence of undernutrition was estimated using conventional indices (stunting, underweight, and wasting) and composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF). Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The prevalence of CIAF was 45.7% (95% CI: 40.3%–51.1%) and that of stunting, underweight, and wasting were 13.4% (9.7%–17.1%), 38.8% (33.5%–44.1%), and 30.7% (25.7%–35.7%), respectively. The prevalence of wasting (42.6% vs. 28.4%, P = 0.039) and severe underweight (20.4% vs. 7.1%, P = 0.002) was statistically significantly high among occasional/never users compared to regular users of MDM Programme. Children born with <2.5 kg showed an OR of 1.76 (95% CI: 0.99–3.11) for being undernourished compared to children born with normal weight (≥2.5 kg) when adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and illness in the past 2 weeks. Conclusion: This study showed a higher prevalence of undernutrition among school‑age children who were the beneficiaries of MDM Programme, and this indicates the need for continuous nutritional interventions and surveillance among these children.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_320_15
http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/10725
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