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|Title:||Multifunctional hybrid nanoconstruct of zerovalent iron and carbon dots for magnetic resonance angiography and optical imaging: An In vivo study|
|Keywords:||Magnetic resonance angiogram; Optical imaging; Paramagnetic iron nanoparticles; T(1) contrast agent; Zerovalent iron nanoparticle|
|Citation:||Nimi N, Saraswathy A, Nazeer SS, Francis N, Shenoy SJ, Jayasree RS. Multifunctional hybrid nanoconstruct of zerovalent iron and carbon dots for magnetic resonance angiography and optical imaging: An In vivo study, Biomaterials. 2018 Jul;171:46-56.|
|Abstract:||In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), gadolinium (Gd) complexes are very often used as contrast agents to enhance the signal from soft tissue deformities and vascular anomalies, to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. The safety concern of using Gd complexes in renally compromised patients pose limitations on its application. To overcome this scenario, we introduce a nontoxic zerovalent iron based nanoparticle as a novel contrast agent for MR angiography and a hybrid version of the same to serve as a dual function contrast agent for targeted liver imaging. The synthesized zerovalent iron (ZVI) nanoparticles after citrate stabilization (C@ZVI) had an average size of 10 nm and exhibited paramagnetic property which is a prerequisite for a positive MRI contrast agent. The longitudinal magnetic relaxivity, r1 of C@ZVI was 4.93 mM-1s-1 which is much higher than that of clinically used Gd based agent, gadoterate meglumine (3.6 mM-1s-1). For multimodal imaging of the liver, initially the ZVI nanoparticle was tailored with a highly liver specific polysaccharide pullulan, and later with fluorescent carbon dots (Cdts) facilitating both optical and MR imaging. The magnetic relaxivity was retained in P@ZVI-Cdts for T1 contrast imaging with an r1 value of 3.48 mM-1s-1. The in vivo MR angiogram using C@ZVI and the liver targeted MRI and optical imaging using P@ZVI-Cdts were successfully demonstrated proving their potential as MRA contrast agent and a liver specific multimodal imaging agent.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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