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|Title:||Superoxide-mediated activation of cardiac fibroblasts by serum factors in hypomagnesemia|
|Publisher:||FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE|
|Citation:||FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE. 31; 7; 882-886|
|Abstract:||Magnesium deficiency is known to produce myocardial fibrosis in different animal models, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. However, circulating levels of pro-oxidant and mitogenic factors are reported to be elevated in a rodent model of acute magnesium deficiency, suggesting a role for humoral factors in the pathogenesis of the cardiovascular lesions. Probing the mechanism of cardiac fibrogenesis in magnesium deficiency, the present study furnished evidence that serum from magnesium-deficient rats has a more marked effect than serum from magnesium-sufficient rats on mitogenesis, net collagen production, and superoxide generation in cardiac fibroblasts from young adult rats. The enhanced mitogenic response was abolished by superoxide dismutase and N-acetyl cysteine, showing that it is mediated by superoxide anion. Further, a modest inhibitory effect of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, spantide, suggested that factors acting via neurokinin-1 receptors may partly modulate cardiac fibroblast function in magnesium deficiency. The findings are consistent with the postulation that serum factors may activate cardiac fibroblasts via a superoxide-mediated mechanism and contribute to the fibrogenic response in the heart in magnesium deficiency. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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