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Title: Vaccine and vaccination as a part of human life: In view of COVID-19
Authors: Megha, KB
Nayar, SA
Mohanan, PV
Keywords: COVID-19; herd immunity; immunization; transmission; vaccine.
Issue Date: Oct-2021
Publisher: Biotechnology Journal
Citation: Megha K.B, Nayar SA, Mohanan PV. Vaccine and vaccination as a part of human life: In view of COVID-19. Biotechnology Journal. 2021Oct:e22100188
Abstract: Background: Vaccination created a great breakthrough toward the improvement to the global health. The development of vaccines and their use made a substantial decrease and control in infectious diseases. The abundance and emergence of new vaccines has facilitated targeting populations to alleviate and eliminate contagious pathogens from their innate reservoir. However, along with the infections like malaria and HIV, effective immunization remains obscure and imparts a great challenge to science. Purpose and scope: The novel Corona virus SARS-CoV-2 is the reason for the 2019 COVID-19 pandemic in the human global population, in the first half of 2019. The need for establishing a protected and compelling COVID-19 immunization is a global prerequisite to end this pandemic. Summary and conclusion: The different vaccine technologies like inactivation, attenuation, nucleic acid, viral vector, subunit, and viral particle based techniques are employed to develop a safe and highly efficient vaccine. The progress in vaccine development for SARS-CoV2 is much faster in the history of science. Even though there exist of lot of limitations, continuous efforts has put forward so as to develop highly competent and effective vaccine for many human and animal linked diseases due to its unlimited prospective. This review article focuses on the historical outlook and the development of the vaccine as it is a crucial area of research where the life of the human is saved from various potential diseases.
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