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Title: Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in the Management of COVID19-Associated Lung Injury: A Review on Publications, Clinical Trials and Patent Landscape
Authors: Anand, Krishnan
Muthusamy, S
Fernandez, FB
Kasoju, N
Keywords: Acute lung injury; COVID19; Cell therapy; Exosomes; Regenerative medicine; Viral pneumonia.
Issue Date: Aug-2022
Publisher: . Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Citation: Anand Krishnan, Muthusamy S, Fernandez FB, Kasoju N. Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in the Management of COVID19- Associated Lung Injury: A Review on Publications, Clinical Trials and Patent Landscape. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. 2022 Aug;19(4):659-673
Abstract: The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic situation forced the scientific community to explore all the possibilities from various fields, and so far we have seen a lot of surprises, eureka moments and disappointments. One of the approaches from the cellular therapists was exploiting the immunomodulatory and regenerative potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), more so of MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs)-particularly exosomes, in order to alleviate the cytokine storm and regenerate the damaged lung tissues. Unlike MSCs, the EVs are easier to store, deliver, and are previously shown to be as effective as MSCs, yet less immunogenic. These features attracted the attention of many and thus led to a tremendous increase in publications, clinical trials and patent applications. This review presents the current landscape of the field and highlights some interesting findings on MSC-derived EVs in the context of COVID-19, including in silico, in vitro, in vivo and case reports. The data strongly suggests the potential of MSC-derived EVs as a therapeutic regime for the management of acute lung injury and associated complications in COVID-19 and beyond.
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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