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Title: A nanoarchitecture of a gold cluster conjugated gold nanorod hybrid system and its application in fluorescence imaging and plasmonic photothermal therapy
Authors: Nair, RV
Puthiyaparambath, MF
Chatanathodi, R
Nair, LV
Jayasree, RS
Issue Date: Aug-2022
Publisher: Nanoscale
Citation: Nair RV, Puthiyaparambath MF, Chatanathodi R, Nair LV and Jayasree RS. Nanoarchitecture of Gold cluster conjugated gold nanorod hybrid system and its application in fluorescence Imaging and Plasmonic photothermal therapy. Nanoscale. 2022 Aug 19. DOI: 10.1039/D2NR03163A
Abstract: Engineering different nanomaterials into a single functional material can impart unique properties of the parental nanoparticles, especially in the field of bio imaging and therapy. Gold nanomaterials having different sizes, shapes and dimensionalities exhibit exceptional properties apart from their non-toxicity and hence are strong candidates in the biomedical field. Designing a hybrid nanomaterial of two gold nanostructures retaining the individual properties of the parental nanomaterials is challenging. Here, we demonstrate the synthesis of a hybrid nanomaterial (GQC@GNR), comprising an extremely small gold nanocluster and a representative of the asymmetric gold nanostructure, i.e., a gold nanorod, both having their own different exclusive optical properties like tuneable emission and NIR absorption characteristics, respectively. The hybrid system is designed to retain its emission and absorption in the NIR region to use it as an agent for simultaneous imaging and therapy. The formation of GQC@GNR and its architectonics heavily depend on the synthesis route and the parameters adopted which in turn have a direct influence on its properties. The architecture and its connection to the optical properties are explained using UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy, etc. DFT-based computational modelling supports architectonics as explained by the experimental findings. The formation of the gold–gold hybrid system witnessed interesting science with a strong indication that materials with desired properties can be designed by appropriately modulating the architectonics of hybrid formation. Finally, folate conjugated GQC@GNR demonstrated its efficacy for targeted imaging and photothermal therapy in HeLa cells and tumor-bearing animal models. The detailed therapeutic efficacy of GQC@GNR is also explained based on Raman spectroscopy.
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