Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/1180
Title: Temporal relation of cardiac hypertrophy, oxidative stress, and fatty acid metabolism in spontaneously hypertensive rat
Authors: Purushothaman, Sreeja
Nair, R. Renuka
Harikrishnan, V. S.
Fernandez, A. C.
Keywords: Experimental Medicine
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY
Citation: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY. 351; 40910; 59-64
Abstract: Left ventricular hypertrophy is an adaptive response to hypertension, and an independent clinical risk factor for cardiac failure, sudden death, and myocardial infarction. As regression of cardiac hypertrophy is associated with a lower likelihood of cardiovascular events, it is recognized as a target of antihypertensive therapy. This necessitates identification of factors associated with the initiation and progression of hypertrophy. Oxidative stress and metabolic shift are intimately linked with myocardial hypertrophy, but their interrelationship is not clearly understood. This study proposes to identify the temporal sequence of events so as to distinguish whether oxidative stress and metabolic shift are a cause or consequence of hypertrophy. Spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) was used as the experimental model. Cardiac hypertrophy was apparent at 2 months of age, as assessed by hypertrophy index and brain natriuretic peptide gene expression. Enhanced myocardial lipid peroxidation accompanied by nuclear factor-kappa B gene expression in one-month-old SHR suggests that oxidative stress precedes the development of hypertrophy. Metabolic shift identified by reduction in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, medium chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 beta was seen at 4 months of age, implying that reduction of fatty acid oxidation is a consequence of hypertrophy. Information on the temporal sequence of events associated with hypertrophy will help in the prevention and reversal of cardiac remodeling. Investigations aimed at prevention of hypertrophy should address reduction of oxidative stress. Both, oxidative stress and metabolic modulation have to be considered for studies that focus on the regression of hypertrophy.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-011-0711-y
http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/1180
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.