Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/190
Title: Calcium- and superoxide anion-mediated mitogenic action of substance P on cardiac fibroblasts
Authors: Kumaran, C
Shivakumar, K
Keywords: Biochemistry
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY
Citation: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY. 282; 5; H1855-H1862
Abstract: Substance P is released from nerve endings in the heart under pathological conditions like ischemia, but its action on cardiac cells has not been investigated. This study tested the hypothesis that substance P is mitogenic to adult cardiac fibroblasts and delineated the underlying mechanism(s). Substance P, acting via neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptors, stimulated cellular hyperplasia over a range of 1-10 mumol/l. It elicited no change in net collagen production, total protein synthesis, or cell protein content but increased Ca-45 uptake and superoxide generation. EGTA, N-acetyl-cysteine, and superoxide dismutase attenuated the hyperplastic response to substance P. A combination of substance P and EGTA enhanced superoxide generation without an increase in DNA synthesis, showing that an increase in superoxide production does not result in hyperplasia when extracellular Ca2+ is chelated. Together, the data suggest that substance P may activate, via NK-1 receptors, a hyperplastic but not hypertrophic response in adult cardiac fibroblasts and that alterations in redox state and Ca2+ homeostasis may act in concert to mediate its mitogenic action.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00747.2001
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11959652
http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/190
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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