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Title: Chemical modification of poly(vinyl chloride) resin using poly(ethylene glycol) to improve blood compatibility
Authors: Balakrishnan, B
Kumar, DS
Yoshida, Y
Jayakrishnan, A
Keywords: Biocompatibility
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: BIOMATERIALS. 26; 17; 3495-3502
Abstract: Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) was aminated by treating the resin with a concentrated aqueous solution of ethylenediamine. The aminated PVC was then reacted with hexamethylene diisocyanate to incorporate the isocyanate group onto the polymer backbone. The isocyanated PVC was further reacted with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) of molecular weight 600 Da. The modified polymer was characterized using infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermal analysis. Infrared and XPS spectra showed the incorporation of PEG onto PVC. The thermal stability of the modified polymer was found to be lowered by the incorporation of PEG. Contact angle measurements on the surface of polymer films cast from a tetrahydrofuran solution of the polymer demonstrated that the modified polymer gave rise to a significantly hydrophilic surface compared to unmodified PVC. The solid/water interfacial free energy of the modified surface was 3.9 ergs/cm(2) as opposed to 18.4ergs/cm(2) for bare PVC surface. Static platelet adhesion studies using platelet-rich plasma showed significantly reduced platelet adhesion on the surface of the modified polymer compared to control PVC. The surface hydrophilicity of the films was remarkably retained even in the presence of up to 30 wt % concentration of the plasticizer di-(2-ethylhexyl phthalate). The study showed that bulk modification of PVC with PEG using appropriate chemistry can give rise to a polymer that possesses the anti-fouling property of PEG and such bulk modifications are less cumbersome compared to surface modifications on the finished product to impart anti-fouling properties to the PVC surface. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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