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Title: Clinical and angiographic profile and follow-up of myocardial bridges: a study of 21 cases.
Authors: Harikrishnan, S
Sunder, K R
Tharakan, J
Titus, T
Bhat, A
Sivasankaran, S
Bimal, F
Keywords: Cardiology
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Indian heart journal
Citation: Indian heart journal. 51; 5; 503-7
Abstract: Myocardial bridging describes an angiographic entity, which is any degree of systolic narrowing of a coronary artery observed in at least one angiographic projection. Among the cineangiograms of 3200 patients reviewed, there were 21 cases (19 males) of myocardial bridges--incidence of 0.6 percent. Of these, seven had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, six had atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and remaining eight had no evidence of either. All 21 patients had myocardial bridges in proximal or mid left anterior descending coronary artery. In addition, one case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy had whole posterior descending coronary artery under a myocardial bridge. Another case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy had a short normal segment of 5 mm inside a long myocardial bridge of 35 mm (tandem myocardial bridges). The length of the bridges varied from 10 to 35 mm (mean 24.5 +/- 4.5 mm) and diameter stenosis during systole varied from 40-90 percent (mean 70 +/- 8%). Two patients had large saccular coronary aneurysms proximal to the muscle bridge. Four of the eight patients who had neither hypertrophic cardiomyopathy nor coronary artery disease presented with acute anterior wall myocardial infarction and three of them had regional wall motion abnormality of left descending territory. Of the six patients who had coronary artery disease, one had 60 percent left descending artery lesion and two had recanalized segments proximal to the bridge. Five of the above six patients had significant stenosis of other coronary vessels. Four patients were lost to follow-up (mean period 3.4 +/- 2 years). In the coronary artery disease group, one patient underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery for 3-vessel disease including graft to left descending artery and one developed inferior wall myocardial infarction. The patients in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group and "no hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-no coronary artery disease" group were free of events at last follow-up. Long-term prognosis of isolated myocardial bridges appears to be excellent. Degree of systolic narrowing or length of myocardial bridge does not correlate with event rates on follow-up.
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