Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/2855
Title: The making of indigenous vascular prosthesis
Authors: Madathipat, Unnikrishnan
Sidharth, Viswanathan
K., Balasubramaniam
C.V., Muraleedharan
Arthur Vijayan, Lal
P.V., Mohanan
Meera, Mohanty
Tirur Raman, Kapilamoorthy
Keywords: Aortic aneurysm - coarctation of aorta - surgical repair - vascular diseases - vascular prosthesis
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH
Abstract: Background & objectives: Vascular illnesses are on the rise in India, due to increase in lifestyle diseases and demographic transition, requiring intervention to save life, organ or limbs using vascular prosthesis. The aim of this study was to develop indigenous large diameter vascular graft for treatment of patients with vascular pathologies. Methods: The South India Textile Research Association, at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, developed seamless woven polyester (Polyethylene terephthalate) graft at its research wing. Further characterization and testing followed by clinical trials were conducted at Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. Fifteen in vivo experiments were carried out in 1992-1994 in pigs as animal model. Controlled (phase I) clinical trial in ten patients was performed along with control graft. Thereafter, phase II trial involved 22 patients who underwent multi-centre clinical trial in four centres across India. Results: Laboratory testing showed that polyester graft was non-toxic, non-leeching and nonhaemolytic with preserved long-term quality, further confirming in pigs by implanting in thoracic aorta, comparable to control Dacron grafts. Perigraft incorporation and smooth neointima formation which are prime features of excellent healing characteristics, were noted at explantation at planned intervals. Subsequently in the phase I and II clinical trials, all patients had excellent recovery without mortality or device-related adverse events. Patients receiving the test graft were followed up for 10 and 5 years, respectively. Serial clinical, duplex scans and CT angiograms performed periodically confirmed excellent graft performance. Interpretation & conclusions: Indigenously developed Chitra vascular graft was comparable to commercially available Dacron graft, ready for clinical use at affordable cost to patients as against costly imported grafts.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-5916.192059
http://dspace.sctimst.ac.in/jspui/handle/123456789/2855
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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