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Title: Focal occlusive disease of the common femoral artery: a report of 20 cases.
Authors: Mandalam, K R
Rao, V R
Sandhyamani, S
Gupta, A K
Joseph, S
Unni, N M
Rao, A S
Neelakandhan, K S
Unnikrishnan, M
Keywords: Radiology
Issue Date: 1994
Publisher: Cardiovascular surgery (London, England)
Citation: Cardiovascular surgery (London, England). 2; 4; 498-502
Abstract: Occlusive disease localized to the common femoral artery without contiguous involvement of the external iliac and superficial femoral arteries is distinctly uncommon in vascular surgical practice. Twenty patients with focal occlusive disease in 21 common femoral arteries are featured in this report. All except one had severe disabling symptoms: Fontaine classification was stage I in one patient, stage IIb in 13, and stage III in six patients. The probable aetiology, based on clinical features and angiographic observations, was identified as atherosclerosis (nine cases), thromboangiitis obliterans (three) and Takayasu's arteritis (two). Histological features of mucoid vasculopathy, a novel disorder, was seen in one patient while no specific aetiology was evident in five patients. Associated lesions were seen in fourteen patients: aortoiliac in one, femoropopliteal in seven (without any continuity to the common femoral lesion), internal iliac in three and tibial in three. Balloon angioplasty of the common femoral artery lesions was attempted in 14 patients with successful outcome in nine. Three patients (including two with failed balloon angioplasty), underwent thromboendarterectomy and two bypass procedures (iliofemoral, one; femoropopliteal, one). Late reocclusion occurred in one patient each in the angioplasty and surgical groups. There were no procedure-related complications in either group.
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