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|Title:||Galectin-1, an endogenous lectin produced by arterial cells, binds lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in situ: Relevance to atherogenesis|
Appukuttan, Padinjaradath S.
|Publisher:||EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR PATHOLOGY|
|Citation:||EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR PATHOLOGY. 83; 3; 399-404|
|Abstract:||Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], a modified LDL molecule, is implicated in atherogenesis. Mechanisms of the accumulation of [Lp(a)] in atherosclerotic vessels is lacking in literature. We sought to investigate the complementarities of the carbohydrate structures on Lp(a) and LDL with galectin-1 (a carbohydrate binding protein) and whether endogenous galectin-1 binds Lp(a) in situ. We investigated T-antigen structures on Lp(a) and LDL by enzyme-linked lectin assay using T-antigen specific lectins, galectin-1 and jacalin. Both jacalin and galectin-1 bound strongly to Lp(a) and to a much lesser extent, to LDL. Galectin-1 recognition of the lipoproteins was abolished when the O-linked sugars were selectively removed. Localization of endogenous galectin-1 within histological sections of human internal mammary artery and in vitro binding of Lp(a) to the tissues was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. The Lp(a)-binding pattern was found to overlap with the localization of galectin-1. The poor Lp (a)-binding on inhibiting tissue galectin-1 with lactose, suggested the binding of Lp(a) to galectin-1. This may be suggestive of a mechanism by which Lp(a) accumulates within arterial walls in atherogenesis. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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