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Title: Gold nanoparticles generated through "green route'' bind Hg2+ with a concomitant blue shift in plasmon absorption peak
Authors: Radhakumary, C.
Sreenivasan, K.
Keywords: Biocompatibility
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: ANALYST
Citation: ANALYST. 136; 14; 2959-2962
Abstract: We discuss here a quick, simple, economic and ecofriendly method through a completely green route for the selective detection of Hg2+ in aqueous samples. Here we exploited the ability of chitosan to generate gold nanoparticles and subsequently to act as a stabilizer for the formed nanoparticles. When chitosan stabilized gold nanoparticles (CH-Au NPs) are interacted with Hg2+ a blue shift for its localized surface plasmon resonance absorbance (LSPR) band is observed. The blue shift is reasoned to be due to the formation of a thin layer of mercury over gold. A concentration as low as 0.01 ppm to a maximum of 100 ppm Hg2+ can be detected based on this blue shift of the CH-Au NPs. While all other reported methods demand complex reaction steps and costly chemicals, the method we reported here is a simple, rapid and selective approach for the detection of Hg2+. Our results also show that the CH-Au NPs have excellent selectivity to Hg2+ over common cations namely, Pb2+, Cd2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Ag1+, Ce4+, Ni2+, and Cu2+.
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