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|Title:||Laser surface modification of titanium substrate for pulsed laser deposition of highly adherent hydroxyapatite|
Muraleedharan, C. V.
|Publisher:||JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE. 22; 7; 1671-1679|
|Abstract:||Biomedical implant devices made out of titanium and its alloys are benefited by a modified surface or a bioactive coating to enhance bone bonding ability and to function effectively in vivo for the intended period of time. In this respect hydroxyapatite coating developed through pulsed laser deposition is a promising approach. Since the success of the bioactive ceramic coated implant depends mainly on the substrate-coating strength; an attempt has been made to produce micro patterned surface structure on titanium substrate for adherent hydroxyapatite coating. A pulsed Nd-YAG laser beam (355 nm) with 10 Hz repetition rate was used for surface treatment of titanium as well as hydroxyapatite deposition. The unfocussed laser beam was used to modify the substrate surface with 500-18,000 laser pulses while keeping the polished substrate in water. Hydroxyapatite deposition was done in a vacuum deposition chamber at 400A degrees C with the focused laser beam under 1 x 10(-3) mbar oxygen pressure. Deposits were analyzed to understand the physico-chemical, morphological and mechanical characteristics. The obtained substrate and coating surface morphology indicates that laser treatment method can provide controlled micro-topography. Scratch test analysis and microindentation hardness values of coating on laser treated substrate indicate higher mechanical adhesion with respect to coatings on untreated substrates.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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