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|Title:||Mini mental state examination and the Addenbrooke's cognitive examination: Effect of education and norms for a multicultural population|
|Authors:||Mathuranath, P. S.|
Cherian, Joseph P.
Sarma, Sankara P.
|Citation:||NEUROLOGY INDIA. 55; 2; 106-110|
|Abstract:||Objective: To derive population norms on the Malayalam adaptation of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (M ACE) and the inclusive Malayalam mini mental state examination (M-MMSE).Materials and Methods: Education-stratified norms were obtained on randomly selected cognitively unimpaired community elders (n = 519).Results: Valid data on norms was available on 4813 subjects (age 68.5 +/- 7.1 and education 7.9 +/- 5.4). Education and age, but not gender had a significant effect on both MACE and M-MMSE. When compared to the effect of age, the effect of education was sevenfold more on the M-ACE and ninefold more on the M-MMSE. The mean composite score on the M-ACE (and the M-MMSE) was 42.8 +/- 9.8 (14.9 +/- 3.1) for those with 0 (n = 72), 55.9 +/- 12.5 (19.7 +/- 4.1) with 1- 4 (n = 96), 62.6 +/- 11.4 (21.9 +/- 3.7) with 5-8 (n = 81), 77 +/- 10.2 (25.7 +/- 2.4) with 9-12 (n = 136) and 83.4 +/- 7.2 (26.7 +/- 1.6) with > 12 (n = 103) years of formal education.Conclusions: Education has the most potent effect on performance on both M-ACE and M-MMSE in the Indian cohort. Education-stratified scores on the M-ACE and the M-MMSE, will provide a more appropriate means of establishing the cognitive status of patients. It is also our feeling that these cut-off scores will be useful across India.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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