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Title: Permeability of PEUU membranes: their modification towards blood compatibility.
Authors: Jayasree, G
Sharma, C P
Keywords: Biocompatibility
Issue Date: 1989
Publisher: Journal of biomaterials applications
Citation: Journal of biomaterials applications. 3; 3; 405-26
Abstract: An attempt was made to develop haemodialysis membranes using polyether urethane urea synthesised in our laboratory. It was observed that the processing parameters such as precipitation medium, precipitation temperature etc. can influence the porosity of the membrane and subsequently the permeability property. It was also noted that the permeability of the dried membrane was negligible even though it was kept in distilled water overnight before use. The effect of pH on permeability through the membrane was studied by dialysis experiment using mixtures of various components such as urea, creatinine, uric acid, inulin, albumin, NaCl and KCl at various pH. Standard cellulose acetate (CA) membrane was used for comparison. Membranes were also prepared using biomer solution by precipitating in distilled water at room temperature and the monomer, 2-hydroxy ethyl methacrylate (HEMA) was grafted onto it by glow discharge technique. It was found that the permeability was increased by HEMA grafting with some loss of tensile strength and strain. A comparative study of fibrinogen adsorption during dialysis and adsorption by direct exposure of samples to a mixture containing urea, uric acid, creatinine, dextran, fibrinogen and electrolytes like sodium and potassium ions was also done with 125I labelled fibrinogen. Platelet adhesion studies indicated that the number of adhered platelets was less on the HEMA grafted samples which may enhance blood compatibility. Finally, the membranes were subjected to different sterilization processes possible under wet conditions such as glutaraldehyde treatment and autoclaving. The contact angle, permeability, mechanical property and platelet adhesion studies indicated that the sterilization method can affect the performance of the membrane.
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