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Title: Physiotherapy practice in stroke rehabilitation: a cross-sectional survey of physiotherapists in the state of kerala, India.
Authors: Khan, Fayaz Rahman
Vijesh, P V
Rahool, S
Radha, Archana A
Sukumaran, Sajith
Kurupath, Radhakrishnan
Keywords: Neurology
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Topics in stroke rehabilitation
Citation: Topics in stroke rehabilitation. 19; 5; 405-10
Abstract: Background: Physiotherapy, a major component of rehabilitation for stroke patients, has been shown to have a positive effect on outcome. However, there is debate over efficacy of different interventions related to stroke rehabilitation. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare knowledge and attitudes of physiotherapists working with stroke patients in Kerala, India, with emphasis on demographics, approach to treatment, and beliefs about stroke rehabilitation. Methods: Two hundred one physiotherapists in Kerala were surveyed using questionnaires, which were sent by post. Questionnaires consisted of items related to stroke rehabilitation such as approaches to physiotherapy, use of walking aids, and discharge issues. Data analysis was done using percentage-wise comparisons. Results: Examination of results showed variation in the beliefs held by physiotherapists about treatment of stroke patients. Of the 201 respondents, 153 (76.1%) used a conventional treatment approach. There was a strong disparity among physiotherapists regarding use of walking aids by stroke patients: 119 (59.2%) agreed that tripods or quadripods should be given to patients, but 55 (27.4%) disagreed and 27 (13.4%) were unsure. In response to questions about discharge issues, 30 (14.9%) of the 118 respondents agreed that they were actively involved in discharge planning for stroke patients, and 158 (78.6%) agreed that skill of the physiotherapist influences outcomes. Conclusion: A great deal of variation among physiotherapists in treatment approaches and beliefs was revealed in this study, which indicates the need for development and implementation of a standardized protocol for stroke rehabilitation in Kerala.
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