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Title: Cells-nano interactions and molecular toxicity after delayed hypersensitivity, in Guinea pigs on exposure to hydroxyapatite nanoparticles
Authors: Geetha, CS
Remya, NS
Leji, KB
Syama, S
Reshma, SC
Sreekanth, PJ
Varma, HK
Mohanan, PV
Keywords: Biophysics; Chemistry; Materials Science
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: 112 ,;204-212
Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cells-nanoparticle interactions and molecular toxicity after delayed hypersensitivity in Guinea pigs, exposed to hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HANP). The study focuses on synthesizing and characterizing HANPs and gaining an insight into the cytotoxicity, molecular toxicity, hypersensitivity and oxidative stress caused by them in vitro and in vivo. HANP was synthesized by chemical method and characterized by standard methods. Cytotoxicity was assessed on L929 cells by MTT assay and in vitro studies were carried out on rat liver homogenate. In vivo study was carried out by topical exposure of Guinea pigs with HANP, repeatedly, and evaluating the skin sensitization potential, blood parameters, oxidative stress in liver and brain and DNA damage (8-hydroxyl-2-deoxyguanosine: 8-OHdG) in liver. The results of the study indicated that there was no cytotoxicity (up to 600 mu g/mL) and oxidative damage (up to 100 mu g/mL), when exposed to HANPs. It was also evident that, there was no skin sensitization and oxidative damage when HANP were exposed to Guinea pigs. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.07.058
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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