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Title: Protein release from poly(epsilon-caprolactone) microspheres prepared by melt encapsulation and solvent evaporation techniques: A comparative study
Authors: Jameela, SR
Suma, N
Jayakrishnan, A
Keywords: Drug Delivery
Issue Date: 1997
Abstract: Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) microspheres containing c. 3% bovine serum albumin (BSA) were prepared by melt encapsulation and solvent evaporation techniques. PCL, because of its low T-m, enabled the melt encapsulation of BSA at 75 degrees C thereby avoiding potentially toxic organic solvents such as dichloromethane (DCM). Unlike the solvent evaporation method, melt encapsulation led to 100% incorporation efficiency which is a key factor in the microencapsulation of water-soluble drugs. Examination of the stability of the encapsulated protein by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) demonstrated that protein integrity was unaffected by both methods of encapsulation. In vitro release of the protein into phosphate buffer examined at 37 degrees C from microspheres prepared by both techniques showed that the release rate from melt-encapsulated microspheres was somewhat slower compared to the release from solvent-evaporated spheres. Both released around 20% of the incorporated protein in 2 weeks amounting to approximately 6.5 mu g mg(-1) of microspheres. Although the diffusivity of macromolecules in PCL is rather low, it is shown that PCL microspheres are capable of delivering sufficient quantity of proteins by diffusion for prolonged periods to function as a carrier for many vaccines. Unlike poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) polymers which generate extreme acid environments during their degradation, the delayed degradation characteristics of PCL do not generate an acid environment during protein release and, therefore, may be advantageous for sustained delivery of proteins and polypeptides.
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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