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Title: Coronary artery fistula in children and adults: A review of 25 cases with long-term observations
Authors: Sunder, KRS
Balakrishnan, KG
Tharakan, JA
Titus, T
Pillai, VRK
Francis, B
Kumar, A
Bhat, A
Shankaran, S
Keywords: Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
Issue Date: 1997
Citation: 58 ,1;47-53
Abstract: We studied 25 patients with coronary artery fistula between 1976 and 1994. Age ranged from 1 to 58 years. Twelve patients were symptomatic; seven had dyspnoea, four had angina, one had palpitation and one had syncope. Coronary artery fistula involved right coronary artery in 10, left coronary artery in 11 and both right and left coronary arteries in four. Coronary artery fistula drained into right ventricle in 11, right atrium in nine, pulmonary artery in four and left ventricle in two. The Qp/Qs ranged from 1.0 to 2.6 with a mean of 1.39+/-0.38. Five patients had associated cardiac anomalies. Two had atrial septal defects, one had patent ductus arteriosus, one had atresia of proximal right coronary artery and in one patient, the right coronary artery was arising from left coronary artery. Five patients underwent surgery without any operative mortality. Thirteen patients were followed-up medically for a mean period of 6.1+/-5.1 years. There were no complications related to coronary artery fistula during follow-up. In one patient coronary artery fistula closed spontaneously. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
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