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Title: Evaluation of in-vitro cytotoxicity and cellular uptake efficiency of zidovudine-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles modified with Aloe Vera in glioma cells
Authors: Joshy, KS
Sharma, CP
Kalarikkal, N
Sandeep, K
Thomas, S
Pothen, LA
Keywords: Materials Science
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: 66 ,;40-50
Abstract: Zidovudine loaded solid lipid nanoparticles of stearic acid modified with Aloe Vera (AV) have been prepared via simple emulsion solvent evaporation method which showed excellent stability at room temperature and refrigerated condition. The nanoparticles were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), which revealed the overlap of the AV absorption peak with the absorption peak of modified stearic acid nanopartides. The inclusion of AV to stearic acid decreased the crystallinity and improved the hydrophilidty of lipid nano particles and thereby improved the drug loading efficacy of lipid nanopartides. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging revealed that, the average particle size of unmodified (bare) nanoparticles was 45.66 +/- 12.22 nm and modified solid lipid nanoparticles showed an average size of 265.61 +/- 80.44 nm. Solid lipid nanoparticles with well-defined morphology were tested in vitro for their possible application in drug delivery. Cell culture studies using C6 glioma cells on the nanoparticles showed enhanced growth and proliferation of cells without exhibiting any toxicity. In addition, normal cell morphology and improved uptake were observed by fluorescence microscopy images of rhodamine labeled modified solid lipid nanoparticles compared with unmodified nanoparticles. The cellular uptake study suggested that these nanopartides could be a promising drug delivery system to enhance the uptake of antiviral drug by brain cells and it could be a suitable drug carrier system for the treatment of HIV. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: 10.1016/j.msec.2016.03.031
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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