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|Title:||Formation of hydroxyapatite coating on titanium at 200A degrees C through pulsed laser deposition followed by hydrothermal treatment|
|Publisher:||BULLETIN OF MATERIALS SCIENCE|
|Abstract:||Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) has emerged as an acceptable technique to coat hydroxyapatite on titanium-based permanent implants for the use in orthopedics and dentistry. It requires substrate temperature higher than 400A degrees C to form coatings of good adhesion and crystallinity. As this range of temperatures is likely to affect the bulk mechanical properties of the implant, lowering the substrate temperature during the coating process is crucial for the long-term performance of the implant. In the present study, hydroxyapatite target was ablated using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (355 nm) onto commercially pure titanium substrates kept at 200A degrees C. The coating thus obtained has been subjected to hydrothermal treatment at 200A degrees C in an alkaline medium. The coatings were analysed using microscratch test, optical profilometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). XRD, EDS and FTIR showed that the as-deposited coating contained amorphous calcium phosphate and the hydrothermal treatment converted it into crystalline hydroxyapatite. The micro-morphology was granular, with an average size of 1 micron. In the micro-scratch test, a remarkable increase in adhesion with the substrate was seen as a result of the treatment. The plasma plume during the deposition has been analysed using optical emission spectroscopy, which revealed atomic and ionic species of calcium, phosphorous and oxygen. The outcomes demonstrate the possibility of obtaining adherent and crystalline hydroxyapatite on titanium substrate at 200A degrees C through pulsed laser deposition and subsequent hydrothermal treatment.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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