Environmental impact of microplastics and potential health hazards

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Microscopic plastic (microplastic) pollutants threaten the earth’s biodiversity and ecosystems. As a result of the progressive fragmentation of oversized plastic containers and products or manufacturing in small sizes, microplastics (particles of a diameter of 5 mm with no lower limit) are used in medicines, personal care products, and industry. The incidence of microplastics is found everywhere in the air, marine waters, land, and even food that humans and animals consume. One of the greatest concerns is the permanent damage that is created by plastic waste to our fragile ecosystem. The impossibility of the complete removal of all microplastic contamination from the oceans is one of the principal tasks of our governing body, research scientists, and individuals. Implementing the necessary measures to reduce the levels of plastic consumption is the only way to protect our environment. Cutting off the plastic flow is the key remedy to reducing waste and pollution, and such an approach could show immense significance. This review offers a comprehensive exploration of the various aspects of microplastics, encompassing their composition, types, properties, origins, health risks, and environmental impacts. Furthermore, it delves into strategies for comprehending the dynamics of microplastics within oceanic ecosystems, with a focus on averting their integration into every tier of the food chain.
Megha KB, Anvitha D, Parvathi S, Neeraj A, Sonia J ,Mohanan PV. Environmental impact of microplastics and potential health hazards. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology. 2024 June 24:1-31