3D printed arrowroot starch-gellan scaffolds for wound healing applications

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Skin, the largest organ in the body, blocks the entry of environmental pollutants into the system. Any injury to this organ allows infections and other harmful substances into the body. 3D bioprinting, a state-of-the-art technique, is suitable for fabricating cell culture scaffolds to heal chronic wounds rapidly. This study uses starch extracted from Maranta arundinacea (Arrowroot plant) (AS) and gellan gum (GG) to develop a bioink for 3D printing a scaffold capable of hosting animal cells. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) prove that the isolated AS is analogous to commercial starch. The cell culture scaffolds developed are superior to the existing monolayer culture. Infrared microscopy shows the AS-GG interaction and elucidates the mechanism of hydrogel formation. The physicochemical properties of the 3D-printed scaffold are analyzed to check the cell adhesion and growth; SEM images have confirmed that the AS-GG printed scaffold can support cell growth and proliferation, and the MTT assay shows good cell viability. Cell behavioral and migration studies reveal that cells are healthy. Since the scaffold is biocompatible, it can be 3D printed to any shape and structure and will biodegrade in the requisite time.
Abey J, Fathah M, Athira SV, Joseph X, Megha KB, Akash K, Nigina G, Mohanan PV, Baiju GN (2024). 3D printed arrowroot starch-gellan scaffolds for wound healing applications. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2024 Mar 5; 264(Pt 1): 130604.